|📌 JEE Main & Advance Syllabus 2024|
|📜 JEE Main & Advance Syllabus 2024|
|💥 The National Testing Agency (NTA) is set to release the JEE Main 2024 syllabus for the January and April sessions online. Aspirants are encouraged to refer to the official information bulletin to access the JEE Main 2024 syllabus. To aid in your preparations for the JEE Main 2024, it is advisable to download the NTA JEE Main syllabus PDF from the official website at www.jeemain.nta.nic.in.|
The JEE Main 2024 examination syllabus encompasses vital subjects and chapters from Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. You can conveniently obtain the JEE Main syllabus with weightage PDF download from this page, which is based on the previous year’s pattern.
For candidates aspiring to succeed in the IIT Joint Entrance Examination, it is imperative to cover all the topics outlined in the NTA JEE Main syllabus for 2024. Additionally, solving previous year’s JEE Main papers is recommended, as it provides better insight into the IIT JEE syllabus and helps you enhance your preparation.
For a comprehensive understanding of the JEE Main 2024 reduced syllabus and the essential topics, please continue reading the complete article.
👉 General Units and dimensions, dimensional analysis; least count, significant figures; Methods of
measurement and error analysis for physical quantities pertaining to the following experiments:
Experiments based on using Vernier calipers and screw gauge (micrometer), Determination of g
using simple pendulum, Young’s modulus – elasticity of the material Surface tension of water by
capillary rise and effect of detergents. Specific heat of a liquid using calorimeter, focal length of a
concave mirror and a convex lens using u-v method, Speed of sound using resonance column,
Verification of Ohm’s law using voltmeter and ammeter, and specific resistance of the material of
a wire using meter bridge and post office box.
👉 Kinematics in one and two dimensions (Cartesian coordinates only), projectiles; Uniform circular
motion; Relative velocity.
Newton’s laws of motion; Inertial and uniformly accelerated frames of reference; Static and
dynamic friction; Kinetic and potential energy; Work and power; Conservation of linear
momentum and mechanical energy.
Systems of particles; Centre of mass and its motion; Impulse; Elastic and inelastic collisions.
Rigid body, moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, moment of inertia of
uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes; Angular momentum; Torque; Conservation of
angular momentum; Dynamics of rigid bodies with fixed axis of rotation; Rolling without slipping
of rings, cylinders and spheres; Equilibrium of rigid bodies; Collision of point masses with rigid
bodies. Forced and damped oscillation (in one dimension), resonance.
Linear and angular simple harmonic motions.
Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus.
Law of gravitation; Gravitational potential and field; Acceleration due to gravity; Kepler’s law,
Geostationary orbits, Motion of planets and satellites in circular orbits; Escape velocity.
Pressure in a fluid; Pascal’s law;Buoyancy; Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact,
drops, bubbles and capillary rise. Viscosity (Poiseuille’s equation excluded), Modulus of rigidity
and bulk modulus in mechanics. Stoke’s law; Terminal velocity, Streamline flow, equation of
continuity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications. Wave motion (plane waves only), longitudinal
and transverse waves, superposition of waves; Progressive and stationary waves; Vibration of
strings and air columns; Resonance; Beats; Speed of sound in gases; Doppler effect (in sound)
💥 Thermal Physics
👉 Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases; Calorimetry, latent heat; Heat conduction in one
dimension; Elementary concepts of convection and radiation; Newton’s law of cooling; Ideal gas
laws; Specific heats (Cv and Cp for monoatomic and diatomic gases); Isothermal and adiabatic
processes, bulk modulus of gases; Equivalence of heat and work; First law of thermodynamics and
its applications (only for ideal gases); Second law of thermodynamics, reversible and irreversible
processes, Carnot engine and its efficiency; Blackbody radiation: absorptive and emissive powers;
Kirchhoff’s law; Wien’s displacement law, Stefan’s law.
💥 Electricity and Magnestism
👉 Coulomb’s law; Electric field and potential; Electrical potential energy of a system of point
charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field; Electric field lines; Flux of electric
field; Gauss’s law and its application in simple cases, such as, to find field due to infinitely long
straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell.
Capacitance; Parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectrics; Capacitors in series and parallel;
Energy stored in a capacitor.
Electric current; Ohm’s law; Series and parallel arrangements of resistances and cells; Kirchhoff’s
laws and simple applications; Heating effect of current.
Biot–Savart’s law and Ampere’s law; Magnetic field near a current-carrying straight wire, along
the axis of a circular coil and inside a long straight solenoid; Force on a moving charge and on a
current-carrying wire in a uniform magnetic field.
Magnetic moment of a current loop; Effect of a uniform magnetic field on a current loop; Moving
coil galvanometer, voltmeter, ammeter and their conversions.
Electromagnetic induction: Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law; Self and mutual inductance; RC, LR, LC
and LCR(in series) circuits with d.c. and a.c. sources.
💥 Electromagtic Waves
👉 Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics. Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves,
microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about
👉 Rectilinear propagation of light; Reflection and refraction at plane and spherical surfaces; Total
internal reflection; Deviation and dispersion of light by a prism; Thin lenses; Combinations of
mirrors and thin lenses; Magnification.
Wave nature of light: Huygen’s principle, interference limited to Young’s double slit experiment.
Diffraction due to a single slit. Polarization of light, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law,
💥 Modern Physics
👉 Atomic nucleus; α, β and γ radiations; Law of radioactive decay; Decay constant; Half-life and
mean life; Binding energy and its calculation; Fission and fusion processes; Energy calculation in
Photoelectric effect; Bohr’s theory of hydrogen-like atoms; Characteristic and continuous X-rays,
Moseley’s law; de Broglie wavelength of matter waves.
|💥 General Topics|
👉 Concept of atoms and molecules; Dalton’s atomic theory; Mole concept; Chemical formulae;
Balanced chemical equations; Calculations (based on mole concept and stoichiometry) involving
common oxidation-reduction, neutralisation, and displacement reactions; Concentration in terms
of mole fraction, molarity, molality and normality.
💥 States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
👉 Gas laws and ideal gas equation, absolute scale of temperature; Deviation from ideality, van der
Waals equation; Kinetic theory of gases, average, root mean square and most probable velocities
and their relation with temperature; Law of partial pressures; Diffusion of gases. Intermolecular
interactions: types, distance dependence, and their effect on properties; Liquids: vapour pressure,
surface tension, viscosity.
💥 Atomic Structure
👉 Bohr model, spectrum of hydrogen atom; Wave-particle duality, de Broglie hypothesis;
Uncertainty principle; Qualitative quantum mechanical picture of hydrogen atom: Energies,
quantum numbers, wave function and probability density (plots only), shapes of s, p and d orbitals;
Aufbau principle; Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule.
💥 Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
👉 Orbital overlap and covalent bond; Hybridisation involving s, p and d orbitals only; Molecular
orbital energy diagrams for homonuclear diatomic species (up to Ne2); Hydrogen bond; Polarity
in molecules, dipole moment; VSEPR model and shapes of molecules (linear, angular, triangular,
square planar, pyramidal, square pyramidal, trigonal bipyramidal, tetrahedral and octahedral).
💥 Chemical Thermodynamics
👉 Intensive and extensive properties, state functions, First law of thermodynamics; Internal energy,
work (pressure-volume only) and heat; Enthalpy, heat capacity, standard state, Hess’s law;
Enthalpy of reaction, fusion and vapourization, and lattice enthalpy; Second law of
thermodynamics; Entropy; Gibbs energy; Criteria of equilibrium and spontaneity.
💥 Chemical and Ionic Equilibrium
👉 Law of mass action; Significance of ȟܩ and ȟܩٓ in chemical equilibrium; Equilibrium constant
(Kp and Kc) and reaction quotient, Le Chatelier’s principle (effect of concentration, temperature
and pressure); Solubility product and its applications, common ion effect, pH and buffer solutions;
Acids and bases (Bronsted and Lewis concepts); Hydrolysis of salts.
👉 Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Standard electrode potentials; Electrochemical work,
Nernst equation; Electrochemical series, emf of galvanic cells; Faraday’s laws of electrolysis;
Electrolytic conductance, specific, equivalent and molar conductivity, Kohlrausch’s law;
Batteries: Primary and Secondary, fuel cells; Corrosion.
💥 Chemical Kinetics
👉 Rates of chemical reactions; Order and molecularity of reactions; Rate law, rate constant, half-life;
Differential and integrated rate expressions for zero and first order reactions; Temperature
dependence of rate constant (Arrhenius equation and activation energy); Catalysis: Homogeneous
and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts, enzyme catalysis and its mechanism.
💥 Solid State
👉 Classification of solids, crystalline state, seven crystal systems (cell parameters a, b, c, α, β, γ),
close packed structure of solids (cubic and hexagonal), packing in fcc, bcc and hcp lattices; Nearest
neighbours, ionic radii and radius ratio, point defects.
👉 Henry’s law; Raoult’s law; Ideal solutions; Colligative properties: lowering of vapour pressure,
elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, and osmotic pressure; van’t Hoff factor.
💥 Surface Chemistry
👉 Elementary concepts of adsorption: Physisorption and Chemisorption, Freundlich adsorption
isotherm; Colloids: types, methods of preparation and general properties; Elementary ideas of
emulsions, surfactants and micelles (only definitions and examples).
💥 Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
👉 Modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table; electronic configuration of elements;
periodic trends in atomic radius, ionic radius, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence,
oxidation states, electronegativity, and chemical reactivity.
👉 Position of hydrogen in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of
hydrogen; hydrides – ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water,
heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, use and structure; hydrogen as a fuel.
💥 s-Block Elements
👉 Alkali and alkaline earth metals-reactivity towards air, water, dihydrogen, halogens, acids; their
reducing nature including solutions in liquid ammonia; uses of these elements; general
characteristics of their oxides, hydroxides, halides, salts of oxoacids; anomalous behaviour of
lithium and beryllium; preparation, properties, and uses of compounds of sodium (sodium
carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide, sodium hydrogen carbonate) and calcium (calcium
oxide, calcium hydroxide, calcium carbonate, calcium sulphate).
💥 p-Block Elements
👉 Oxidation state and trends in chemical reactivity of elements of groups 13-17; anomalous
properties of boron, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and fluorine with respect to other elements in their
Group 13: Reactivity towards acids, alkalis, and halogens; preparation, properties, and uses of
borax, orthoboric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride, and alums; uses of boron
Group 14: Reactivity towards water and halogen; allotropes of carbon and uses of carbon;
preparation, properties, and uses of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, silicon dioxide, silicones,
Group 15: Reactivity towards hydrogen, oxygen, and halogen; allotropes of phosphorous;
preparation, properties, and uses of dinitrogen, ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine, phosphorus
trichloride, phosphorus pentachloride; oxides of nitrogen and oxoacids of phosphorus.
Group 16: Reactivity towards hydrogen, oxygen, and halogen; simple oxides; allotropes of sulfur;
preparation/manufacture, properties, and uses of dioxygen, ozone, sulfur dioxide, sulfuric acid;
oxoacids of sulfur.
Group 17: Reactivity towards hydrogen, oxygen, and metals; preparation/manufacture, properties,
and uses of chlorine, hydrogen chloride and interhalogen compounds; oxoacids of halogens,
Group 18: Chemical properties and uses; compounds of xenon with fluorine and oxygen.
💥 d-Block Elements
👉 Oxidation states and their stability; standard electrode potentials; interstitial compounds; alloys;
catalytic properties; applications; preparation, structure, and reactions of oxoanions of chromium
💥 f-Block Elements
👉 Lanthanoid and actinoid contractions; oxidation states; general characteristics.
💥 Coordination Compounds
👉 Werner’s theory; Nomenclature, cis-trans and ionization isomerism, hybridization and geometries
(linear, tetrahedral, square planar and octahedral) of mononuclear coordination compounds;
Bonding [VBT and CFT (octahedral and tetrahedral fields)]; Magnetic properties (spin-only) and
colour of 3d-series coordination compounds; Ligands and spectrochemical series; Stability;
Importance and applications; Metal carbonyls.
💥 Isolation of Metals
👉 Metal ores and their concentration; extraction of crude metal from concentrated ores:
thermodynamic (iron, copper, zinc) and electrochemical (aluminium) principles of metallurgy;
cyanide process (silver and gold); refining.
💥 Principles of Qualitative Analysis
👉 Groups I to V (only Ag+ , Hg2+, Cu2+, Pb2+, Fe3+, Cr3+, Al3+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Zn2+, Mn2+ and Mg2+);
Nitrate, halides (excluding fluoride), carbonate and bicarbonate, sulphate and sulphide.
💥 Environmental Chemistry
👉 Atmospheric pollution; water pollution; soil pollution; industrial waste; strategies to control
environmental pollution; green chemistry.
💥 Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry
👉 Hybridisation of carbon; σ and π-bonds; Shapes of simple organic molecules; aromaticity;
Structural and geometrical isomerism; Stereoisomers and stereochemical relationship
(enantiomers, diastereomers, meso) of compounds containing only up to two asymmetric centres (R,S and E,Z configurations excluded); Determination of empirical and molecular formulae of
simple compounds by combustion method only; IUPAC nomenclature of organic molecules
(hydrocarbons, including simple cyclic hydrocarbons and their mono-functional and bi-functional
derivatives only); Hydrogen bonding effects; Inductive, Resonance and Hyperconjugative effects;
Acidity and basicity of organic compounds; Reactive intermediates produced during homolytic
and heterolytic bond cleavage; Formation, structure and stability of carbocations, carbanions and
👉 Homologous series; Physical properties (melting points, boiling points and density) and effect of
branching on them; Conformations of ethane and butane (Newman projections only); Preparation
from alkyl halides and aliphatic carboxylic acids; Reactions: combustion, halogenation (including
allylic and benzylic halogenation) and oxidation.
💥 Alkenes and Alkynes
👉 Physical properties (boiling points, density and dipole moments); Preparation by elimination
reactions; Acid catalysed hydration (excluding the stereochemistry of addition and elimination);
Metal acetylides; Reactions of alkenes with KMnO4 and ozone; Reduction of alkenes and alkynes;
Electrophilic addition reactions of alkenes with X2, HX, HOX, (X=halogen); Effect of peroxide
on addition reactions; cyclic polymerization reaction of alkynes.
👉 Structure; Electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration, sulphonation, FriedelCrafts alkylation and acylation; Effect of directing groups (monosubstituted benzene) in these
👉 Physical properties; Preparation, Electrophilic substitution reactions of phenol (halogenation,
nitration, sulphonation); Reimer-Tiemann reaction, Kolbe reaction; Esterification; Etherification;
Aspirin synthesis; Oxidation and reduction reactions of phenol.
💥 Alkyl Halides
👉 Rearrangement reactions of alkyl carbocation; Grignard reactions; Nucleophilic substitution
reactions and their stereochemical aspects.
👉 Physical properties; Reactions: esterification, dehydration (formation of alkenes and ethers);
Reactions with: sodium, phosphorus halides, ZnCl2/concentrated HCl, thionyl chloride;
Conversion of alcohols into aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids.
👉 Preparation by Williamson’s synthesis; C-O bond cleavage reactions.
💥 Aldehydes and Ketones
👉 Preparation of: aldehydes and ketones from acid chlorides and nitriles; aldehydes from esters;
benzaldehyde from toluene and benzene; Reactions: oxidation, reduction, oxime and hydrazone formation; Aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction; Haloform reaction; Nucleophilic addition reaction with RMgX, NaHSO3, HCN, alcohol, amine.
💥 Carboxylic Acids
👉 Physical properties; Preparation: from nitriles, Grignard reagents, hydrolysis of esters and amides;
Preparation of benzoic acid from alkylbenzenes; Reactions: reduction, halogenation, formation of
esters, acid chlorides and amides.
👉 Preparation from nitro compounds, nitriles and amides; Reactions: Hoffmann bromamide
degradation, Gabriel phthalimide synthesis; Reaction with nitrous acid, Azo coupling reaction of
diazonium salts of aromatic amines; Sandmeyer and related reactions of diazonium salts;
Carbylamine reaction, Hinsberg test, Alkylation and acylation reactions.
👉 Reactions: Fittig, Wurtz – Fittig; Nucleophilic aromatic substitution in haloarenes and substituted
haloarenes (excluding benzyne mechanism and cine substitution).
👉 Carbohydrates: Classification; Mono- and di-saccharides (glucose and sucrose); Oxidation;
Reduction; Glycoside formation and hydrolysis of disaccharides (sucrose, maltose, lactose);
Proteins: Amino acids; Peptide linkage; Structure of peptides (primary and secondary); Types of
proteins (fibrous and globular).
Nucleic acids: Chemical composition and structure of DNA and RNA.
👉 Types of polymerization (addition, condensation); Homo and copolymers; Natural rubber;
Cellulose; Nylon; Teflon; Bakelite; PVC; Bio-degradable polymers; Applications of polymers.
💥 Chemistry in Everyday Life
👉 Drug-target interaction; Therapeutic action, and examples (excluding structures), of antacids,
antihistamines, tranquilizers, analgesics, antimicrobials, and antifertility drugs; Artificial
sweeteners (names only); Soaps, detergents, and cleansing action.
💥 Practical Organic Chemistry
👉 Detection of elements (N, S, halogens); Detection and identification of the following functional
groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl, amino and
|💥 Sets, Relations and Functions|
👉 Sets and their representations, different kinds of sets (empty, finite and infinite), algebra of sets,
intersection, complement, difference and symmetric difference of sets and their algebraic
properties, De-Morgan’s laws on union, intersection, difference (for finite number of sets) and
practical problems based on them.
Cartesian product of finite sets, ordered pair, relations, domain and codomain of relations,
Function as a special case of relation, functions as mappings, domain, codomain, range of
functions, invertible functions, even and odd functions, into, onto and one-to-one functions, special
functions (polynomial, trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic, power, absolute value, greatest
integer etc.), sum, difference, product and composition of functions.
👉 Algebra of complex numbers, addition, multiplication, conjugation, polar representation,
properties of modulus and principal argument, triangle inequality, cube roots of unity, geometric
Statement of fundamental theorem of algebra, Quadratic equations with real coefficients,
relations between roots and coefficients, formation of quadratic equations with given roots,
symmetric functions of roots.
Arithmetic and geometric progressions, arithmetic and geometric means, sums of finite
arithmetic and geometric progressions, infinite geometric series, sum of the first n natural
numbers, sums of squares and cubes of the first n natural numbers.
Logarithms and their properties, permutations and combinations, binomial theorem for a positive
integral index, properties of binomial coefficients.
👉 Matrices as a rectangular array of real numbers, equality of matrices, addition, multiplication by a
scalar and product of matrices, transpose of a matrix, elementary row and column transformations,
determinant of a square matrix of order up to three, adjoint of a matrix, inverse of a square matrix of
order up to three, properties of these matrix operations, diagonal, symmetric and skew-symmetric
matrices and their properties, solutions of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables.
💥 Probability and Statistics
👉 Random experiment, sample space, different types of events (impossible, simple, compound),
addition and multiplication rules of probability, conditional probability, independence of events,
total probability, Bayes Theorem, computation of probability of events using permutations and
Measure of central tendency and dispersion, mean, median, mode, mean deviation, standard
deviation and variance of grouped and ungrouped data, analysis of the frequency distribution
with same mean but different variance, random variable, mean and variance of the random
👉 Trigonometric functions, their periodicity and graphs, addition and subtraction formulae,
formulae involving multiple and sub-multiple angles, general solution of trigonometric
Inverse trigonometric functions (principal value only) and their elementary properties.
💥 Analytical Geometry
👉 Two dimensions: Cartesian coordinates, distance between two points, section formulae, shift of
Equation of a straight line in various forms, angle between two lines, distance of a point from a
line; Lines through the point of intersection of two given lines, equation of the bisector of the
angle between two lines, concurrency of lines; Centroid, orthocentre, incentre and circumcentre
of a triangle.
Equation of a circle in various forms, equations of tangent, normal and chord. Parametric
equations of a circle, intersection of a circle with a straight line or a circle, equation of a circle
through the points of intersection of two circles and those of a circle and a straight line.
Equations of a parabola, ellipse and hyperbola in standard form, their foci, directrices and
eccentricity, parametric equations, equations of tangent and normal.
Three dimensions: Distance between two points, direction cosines and direction ratios, equation
of a straight line in space, skew lines, shortest distance between two lines, equation of a plane,
distance of a point from a plane, angle between two lines, angle between two planes, angle
between a line and the plane, coplanar lines.
💥 Differential Calculus
👉 Limit of a function at a real number, continuity of a function, limit and continuity of the sum,
difference, product and quotient of two functions, L’Hospital rule of evaluation of limits of
Continuity of composite functions, intermediate value property of continuous functions.
Derivative of a function, derivative of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions,
chain rule, derivatives of polynomial, rational, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, exponential
and logarithmic functions.
Tangents and normals, increasing and decreasing functions, derivatives of order two, maximum
and minimum values of a function, Rolle’s theorem and Lagrange’s mean value theorem,
geometric interpretation of the two theorems, derivatives up to order two of implicit functions,
geometric interpretation of derivatives.
💥 Integral Calculus
👉 Integration as the inverse process of differentiation, indefinite integrals of standard functions,
definite integrals as the limit of sums, definite integral and their properties, fundamental theorem
of integral calculus.
Integration by parts, integration by the methods of substitution and partial fractions, application
of definite integrals to the determination of areas bounded by simple curves. Formation of ordinary
differential equations, solution of homogeneous differential equations of first order and first
degree, separation of variables method, linear first order differential equations.
👉 Addition of vectors, scalar multiplication, dot and cross products, scalar and vector triple
products, and their geometrical interpretations.
📕 Important Links :